Acetyl L-Carnitine – L-carnitine is a derivative of the amino acid lysine which has been found to restore key elements of mitochondrial energy production and cellular health. Additionally, it serves as the most important link in the production of energy from carbohydrates, protein (amino acids), and fats at the cellular level. It also helps to preserve lean muscle tissue by decreasing excess levels of cortisol.
R-Alpha Lipoic Acid (R-ALA) – Is an essential cofactor for several multi-enzyme complexes that increase critical energy metabolism reactions inside the mitochondria of cells.
Commonly known as the “universal antioxidant,” R-ALA functions as both a water and fat-soluble antioxidant. For this reason, it is able to neutralize a wider variety of free radicals than any other, including those created by excess free metal ions such as iron and copper. It also plays a role in the regeneration of “used up” or oxidized antioxidants such as vitamins C & E, CoQ10, and glutathione, thus extending their capabilities.
Lastly, R-ALA is also believed to be involved in maintaining proper glucose metabolism by improving insulin sensitivity.
DMAE – Dimethylaminoethanol (DMAE) bitartrate stimulates the production of choline, which in turn allows the brain to optimize production of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter involved in learning and memory. DMAE also enhances the function of acetyl L-carnitine and R-alpha lipoic acid.
Para-amino Benzoic Acid (PABA) – This intricate B-complex vitamin plays an important role in the formation of red blood cells and also functions as an antioxidant. While a potent nutrient in its own right, its primary role in this formula is to multiply and enhance the effects of acetyl L-carnitine and R-alpha lipoic acid.
Vitamin E & Vitamin B6 – Powerful antioxidants that help neutralize the free radicals naturally produced during energy production. These vitamins have numerous additional health benefits pertaining to the cardiovascular and circulatory systems, and support healthy energy production. They are included in this formula specifically to assist in the body’s use of DMAE and PABA.
Ascorbyl Palmitate – A non-acidic, fat-soluble form of vitamin C that has the ability to reach specific areas of tissue that standard vitamin C cannot. In addition to its antioxidant properties, ascorbyl palmitate enhances the bioavailability of carnitine.
Proprietary Enzyme Blend (amylase, lipase, and protease) – These enzymes help maximize absorption of all the nutrients in the product.